The Social “Treasure” of Participation
  • Sergio Meresman
  • Anyoli Sanabria


Nicaragua is one of the poorest countries in Latin America. Of its 5.5 million people, 46.2% live in poverty and 15% in extreme poverty. In rural areas, these conditions worsen: two out of three Nicaraguans are poor (Government of Nicaragua, 2001). The autonomous communities of the Caribbean coast are the poorest municipalities. The country's annual income per person is $US3,100 (2007). Social expenditure accounts for 3.8% in education and 3.7% in health, half of what other countries with similar poverty levels invest (Alliance for Childhood Investment, 2007). Nicaragua has progressed in strengthening its democratic institutions and culture, but social conditions - determined by endemic poverty combined with recurrent political crisis, partisan public policy administration, and corruption - profoundly erode the trust between citizens and governments and foster a permanent institutional fragility (Alliance for Childhood Investment, 2007).


Life Skill Shared Vision Autonomous Community Social Expenditure Caribbean Coast 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The authors had support from Education Development Center, Inc., and UNICEF, Nicaragua.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sergio Meresman
    • 1
  • Anyoli Sanabria
    • 2
  1. 1.CLAEH (Latin American Centre forHumane Economy)UNER (University of Entre Rios)MontevideoUruguay
  2. 2.UNICEFManaguaNicaragua

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