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Anodic Oxide Films on Aluminum: Their Significance for Corrosion Protection and Micro- and Nano-Technologies

  • Hideaki Takahashi
  • Masatoshi Sakairi
  • Tatsuya Kikuchi
Chapter
Part of the Modern Aspects of Electrochemistry book series (MAOE, volume 46)

Abstract

It was only 120 years ago that humans became able to obtain aluminum metal industrially by applying electricity to reduce bauxite ore. Hence, aluminum is much newer than other metals such as copper, iron, and gold, which have been used since pre-historical times. This is surprising since aluminum comprises 7.56 % of all elements near the surface of the earth, and is found in abundant amounts, next to only oxygen and silicon. The reason why aluminum metal only became available fairly recently is that aluminum has a strong chemical affinity to oxygen, and this prevents reduction of aluminum oxide by chemical reaction with carbon at high temperatures, unlike iron- and copper-oxides. Reduction of aluminum oxide was first realized by H. Davy in 1807, using Voltaic piles, which had been invented in 1800 by the Italian scientist, A. Volta.

Annually about 38 million tons of aluminum metal are newly produced worldwide from bauxite ore and most aluminum products are subjected to surface treatments such as anodizing, chemical conversion coating, painting, metal plating, and other treatments. Anodizing is one of the most common surface treatments of aluminum, and is performed for corrosion protection as well as for a wide variety of other purposes.1–3 Table 1 shows examples of applications of aluminum with anodic oxide films.

Keywords

Oxide Film Vertical Cross Section Electrophoretic Deposition Atomic Force Microscope Probe Aluminum Specimen 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hideaki Takahashi
    • 1
  • Masatoshi Sakairi
    • 2
  • Tatsuya Kikuchi
    • 2
  1. 1.Asahikawa National College of TechnologyAsahikawaJapan
  2. 2.Graduate School of EngineeringHokkaido UniversitySapporoJapan

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