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Structure, Passivation and Localized Corrosion of Metal Surfaces

  • Vincent Maurice
  • Philippe Marcus
Chapter
Part of the Modern Aspects of Electrochemistry book series (MAOE, volume 46)

Abstract

Ultra-thin layers of hydroxylated oxide (passive films) grown on metals and alloys in aqueous environments provide the surface property of self-protection against corrosion. Passivation is a key to our metal-based civilization and to its sustainable development. Passive films in many cases do not exceed a few nanometers in thickness and effectively isolate the metal (or alloy) substrate from the corrosive environment. However, they are sensitive to breakdown eventually leading to accelerated dissolution of the substrate at localized sites (i.e., pitting) with major impact in practical applications and on economics.

Despite a considerable amount of research on localized corrosion, the complete understanding of passivity breakdown and pit initiation and in particular the reason for its local occurrence remain a vexing problem in corrosion and electrochemical science that must be addressed at the nanoscopic scale. Moreover, the increasing development of materials with nanoscale architecture and including metallic components requires a detailed understanding and nanoscale control of corrosion processes to guarantee their durability.

Keywords

Metal Surface Barrier Layer Scan Tunneling Microscopy Passive Film Potential Drop 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vincent Maurice
    • 1
  • Philippe Marcus
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratoire de Physico-Chimie des Surfaces, ENSCP-CNRS (UMR 7045)Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Chimie de ParisParisFrance

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