Enabling Techniques for Broadband Access Networks

Part of the Optical Networks book series (OPNW)


A number of techniques are introduced which enable to deliver broadband services to residential users. The ultimate capacity is provided by optical fiber all the way to the user, thanks to the fiber’s huge bandwidth and very low losses. Also in combination with other media (twisted copper pair cable, coaxial cable, or radio link) fiber can considerably improve the capacity of the access network. Fiber access network topologies are discussed, including their economic aspects. For shared fiber topologies, a number of multiple access techniques are introduced, deploying time slot multiplexing, frequency multiplexing, code multiplexing, wavelength multiplexing, and combinations thereof. Wireless delivery of broadband services to mobile users is efficiently enabled by radio-over-fiber techniques, which consolidate the radio signal processing functions at a central site. Next to delivery by optical beams through fibers, broadband services may also be delivered by optical beams through free space, for short and clear line-of-sight links.


Access Network Wavelength Division Multiplex Time Division Multiple Access Optical Line Terminal Optical Network Unit 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Koonen, T. (2006). Fiber to the home/fiber to the premises: What, where, and when? Proc. IEEE. 94(5), 911–934.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Angelopoulos, J.D., Leligou, H.-C., Argyriou, Th., Ringoot, E. & Van Caenegem, T. (2004). Efficient transport of packets with QoS in an FSAN-aligned GPON. IEEE Commun. Mag. 42(2), 92–98.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Urban, P.J., Koonen, A.M.J., Khoe, G.D. & De Waardt, H. (2008). Mitigation of reflection-induced crosstalk in a WDM access network. Proceedings of OFC. San Diego, CA.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Payoux, F., Chanclou, P., Moignard, M. & Brenot, R. (2005). Gigabit optical access using WDM PON based on spectrum slicing and reflective SOA. Proceedings of ECOC. Glasgow, Scotland.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Jung, D.K., Shin, D.J., Shin, H.S., Park, S.B., Hwang, S., Oh, Y.J. & Shim, C.S. (2005). GWavelength-division-multiplexed passive optical network for FTTx. Proceedings of OECC. Seoul, South Korea.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Pendock, G.J. & Sampson, D.D. (1996). Transmission performance of high bit rate spectrum-sliced WDM systems. IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 14(10), 2141–2148.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Gomes, N., Nkansah, A. & Wake D. (2008). Radio over MMF techniques, Part I: RF to microwave frequency systems. IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 26(15), 2388–2395.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Griffin, R.A., Lane, P.M. & O’Reilly, J.J. (1999). Radio-over-fibre distribution using an optical millimeter-wave/DWDM overlay. Proceedings of OFC. San Diego, CA.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Koonen, T. & Ng’Oma, A. (2006). Integrated broadband optical fibre/wireless LAN access networks, in broadband optical access networks and fiber-to-the-home: Systems technologies and deployment strategies. John Wiley and Sons, New York, Ch. 11.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Koonen, A.M.J. & Garcia Larrode, M. (2008). Radio over MMF techniques, Part II: Microwave to mm-wave systems. IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 26(15), 2396–2408.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    García Larrodé, M. & Koonen, A.M.J. (2008). Theoretical and experimental demonstration of OFM robustness against modal dispersion impairments in radio over multimode fiber links. IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 26(12), 1722–1728.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Kedar, D. & Shlomi, A. (2004). Urban optical wireless communication networks: The main challenges and possible solutions. IEEE Commun. Mag. 42(5), S2–S7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Electro-Optical Communication Systems groupCOBRA Institute, Eindhoven University of TechnologyEindhovenThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations