Linking and Scaling

Part of the Statistics for Social and Behavioral Sciences book series (SSBS)


This chapter presents a number of methods for linking the calibration results from two or more tests. It covers two general cases. Linking when the test forms are designed to be equivalent and to be used with the same examinee population, and linking when the test forms do not have the same content and/or statistical specifications and the examinees are not from the same population. The first case corresponds to the case of test equating. The goal is to report information about the locations of examinees in the multidimensional space that can be used interchangeably independent of test form. The second case includes the multidimensional extension of vertical scaling and reporting results in the same coordinate system when test specifications change. The development of large item pools and item banks also may require the linking of calibrations from nonparallel test forms.


Test Item Test Form Direction Cosine Item Parameter Item Bank 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Counseling, Educational, Psychology, and Special Education DepartmentMichigan State UniversityEast LansingUSA

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