Green Eggs and Sand: A Collaborative Effort of Scientists, Teachers, Resource Managers, and Stakeholders in Educating About Limulus polyphemus

  • Katy O’Connell
  • Cindy Etgen
  • Gary Kreamer
  • Michael Oates


The highly successful Green Eggs & Sand (GE&S) project is a joint effort of educators, scientists, resource users, and managers engaged in building a unique workshop/field experience, a wealth of educational video, and a series of associated activity-based learning modules, centered on the current horseshoe crab/shorebird phenomenon and management controversy on Delaware Bay. Over the past 8 years, more than 800 teachers, non-formal educators, scientists, resource users, and managers from 20 states and 3 foreign countries have taken part in GE&S workshops, which are now offered up and down the Atlantic coast each spring around lunar event peak times for horseshoe crab spawning. These workshops are intensive, spanning 2–3 days, and feature a mix of hands-on field experiences, presentations by experts, and demonstration of curricular components. This article provides a case-study overview of how GE&S was developed and implemented, with an eye to how this approach might be adapted and modified for use elsewhere.


Project Team Horseshoe Crab Video Segment Educational Module Mathematical Word Problem 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Katy O’Connell
    • 1
  • Cindy Etgen
    • 2
  • Gary Kreamer
    • 3
  • Michael Oates
    • 4
  1. 1.College of Agriculture and Natural ResourcesUniversity of DelawareNewarkUSA
  2. 2.Maryland Department of Natural ResourcesAnnapolisUSA
  3. 3.Delaware Division of Fish and WildlifeSmyrnaUSA
  4. 4.Anew, Inc.WilmingtonUSA

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