Strategies to Conserve and Enhance Sandy Barrier Habitat for Horseshoe Crabs (Limulus polyphemus) on Developed Shorelines in Delaware Bay, United States

  • Nancy L. JacksonEmail author
  • Karl F. Nordstrom


The ability to successfully manage estuarine shorelines requires balancing ecological function with societal demands. The sandy barriers of Delaware Bay provide important spawning habitat for horseshoe crabs but they are modified for shore protection. This chapter provides a review of the sandy shoreline resources within Delaware Bay; describes the spatial and temporal scales of processes that govern their dimensions, location, morphology, and sedimentary characteristics; compares management programs in the state of Delaware and New Jersey for managing sandy shorelines in the estuary; and provides examples of the status of developed sandy barriers where high levels of horseshoe crab spawning occur.


Horseshoe Crab Beach Nourishment Migratory Shorebird Shore Protection National Estuary Program 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This publication was supported by the National Sea Grant Program of the US Department of Commerce’s National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration under NOAA Grant No. R/CZM-2004-1 and R/F-2006-2. NJSG-08-685. The views expressed herein do not necessarily reflect the views of any of those organizations.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Chemistry and Environmental ScienceNew Jersey Institute of TechnologyNewarkUSA
  2. 2.Institute of Marine and Coastal SciencesRutgers UniversityNew BrunswickUSA

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