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Squamous Cell Carcinoma

  • Shanda Blackmon
  • Armin Ernst
  • Philip T. Cagle
  • Timothy C. Allen
  • Dina R. Mody
  • N. Paul Ohori
  • Elise R. Hoff
  • Armando E. Fraire
Chapter

A major type of non-small cell lung cancer, squamous cell carcinoma was for many years the leading cell type in terms of frequency. Currently, it ranks second to adenocarcinoma but remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality. As is the case with small cell cancers, squamous cell carcinomas are centrally located, near the hilum and prone to present with hemoptysis and/or early symptoms related to bronchial obstruction. Owing to their central location, squamous cell carcinomas are also accessible to the bronchoscope and are apt to be diagnosed early by means of biopsy and/or exfoliative and sputum cytology. Often achieving a large size and due to extensive necrosis, squamous cell carcinomas frequently cavitate, presenting as abscess-like masses, radiographically. Other types of carcinomas may also cavitate but to a lesser degree and frequency.

Keywords

Squamous Cell Carcinoma Small Cell Carcinoma Bronchogenic Carcinoma Extensive Necrosis Bronchial Obstruction 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shanda Blackmon
    • 1
  • Armin Ernst
    • 2
  • Philip T. Cagle
    • 3
  • Timothy C. Allen
    • 4
  • Dina R. Mody
    • 5
  • N. Paul Ohori
    • 6
  • Elise R. Hoff
    • 7
  • Armando E. Fraire
    • 8
  1. 1.The Methodist HospitalHoustonUSA
  2. 2.Harvard Medical School, The Beth Israel Deaconess Medical CenterBostonUSA
  3. 3.Weill Medical College, The Methodist Hospital, Cornell UniversityHoustonUSA
  4. 4.The University of Texas Health Science Center at TylerTylerUSA
  5. 5.Weill Medical College, The Methodist Hospital, Cornell UniversityHoustonUSA
  6. 6.University of Massachusetts Medical SchoolWorcesterUSA
  7. 7.University of Pittsburgh Medical CenterPittsburghUSA
  8. 8.University of Massachusetts Medical SchoolWorcesterUSA

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