Discography and Endoscopic Lumbar Discectomy

  • Michael A. Chang
  • Christopher A. Yeung
  • Anthony T. Yeung
  • Choll W. Kim

One of the most common treatments for lumbar radiculopathy is discectomy. Since 1938, open discectomy has been used to relieve pain caused by herniated discs. The success rate for this operation has been satisfactory, but complications may occur, including bleeding, prolonged pain, and scar formation. Furthermore, the soft tissue dissection and bony resection required to gain access to the disc herniation may lead to segmental instability.


Disc Herniation Epidural Space Lumbar Disc Herniation Total Disc Replacement Isthmic Spondylolisthesis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. 1.
    Hermantin FU, Peters T, Quartararo L, Kambin PA. Prospective, randomized study comparing the results of open discectomy with those of video-assisted arthroscopic microdiscectomy. J Bone Joint Surg. 1999;81-A:958–965.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Yeung AT, Tsou PM. Posterolateral endoscopic excision for lumbar disc herniation. Spine. 2002;27:722–731.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Ahn Y, Lee S-H, Park WM, Lee HY, Shin SW, Kang HY. Percutaneous endoscopic lumbar discectomy for recurrent disc herniation: surgical technique, outcome, and prognostic factors of 43 consecutive cases. Spine. 2004;29:E326–E332.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Choi G, Lee SH, Raiturker PP, Lee S, Chae YS. Percutaneous endoscopic interlaminar discectomy for intracanalicular disc herniations at L5-S1 using a rigid working channel endoscope. Oper Neurosurg. 2006;58:59–68.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Knight M, Goswami A. Management of isthmic spondylolisthesis with posterolateral endoscopic foraminal decompression. Spine. 2003;28:573–581.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Chang MA, Talac R, Kim CW. The endoscopic discectomy learning curve. Submitted for publication.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Tsou PM, Yeung A, Yeing AT. Posterolateral transforaminal selective endoscopic discectomy and thermal annuloplasty for chronic lumbar discogenic pain: a minimal access visualized intradiscal surgical procedure. Spine J. 2004;4(5);10.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael A. Chang
    • 1
  • Christopher A. Yeung
    • 2
    • 3
  • Anthony T. Yeung
    • 2
  • Choll W. Kim
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Orthopedic SurgeryWichita ClinicWichitaUSA
  2. 2.Desert Institute for Spine CarePhoenixUSA
  3. 3.Volunteer Clinical Associate Professor, Department of Orthopaedic SurgeryUniversity of California-San Diego School of MedicineSan DiegoUSA
  4. 4.Department of Orthopaedic SurgeryUniversity of California-San DiegoSan DiegoUSA

Personalised recommendations