The green spaces in Bucharest have different ages and degrees of structural complexity (vegetational and architectural). They can be considered to be artificial ecosystems because they are created for aesthetic reasons by the planting of ornamental trees, shrubs and herbaceous species. The native vegetation has almost disappeared from the city having been replaced by the artificial ecosystems described. Some species that are planted in these artificial systems are species of the natural former forests of Romania. The city contains remnants of natural vegetation, which has adapted to the modified conditions of the urban environment. However, the authorities are ignoring the necessity of maintaining and increasing the green spaces of the city. Even Natural Law 749/2006 which regulates the administration of green spaces in the city is being systematically ignored by the authorities. The structural habitat diversity and the limited botanical surveys of vascular and non-vascular plants and lichenised fungi indicate that the city contains an extensive and interesting flora. However, the vegetation and the flora of the city need to be studied much more comprehensively, not least to ensure that the planning, design and management of the city as a whole and the green spaces in particular are based on sound scientific information.


Green Space Cynodon Dactylon Ceratophyllum Demersum Taraxacum Officinale Lotus Corniculatus 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Ecology, Taxonomy and Nature Conservation CentreInstitute of Biology, Romanian AcademyBucharestRomania

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