• Norbert Müller


This book covers a wide range of well-known European cities extending from Almería in the south-west to St. Petersburg in the north-east and from Sofia in the south-east to London in the north-west with most cities being concentrated in central Europe, see Fig. 1. There are five major gaps in the geographical representation, Scandinavia, eastern Europe (Moscow to the Urals), Balkan Peninsula, southern Europe and the Iberian Peninsula (including France) – Almería being the single exception to the last two. In terms of population size, London was the world’s first mega-city (more than one million people living in it in the nineteenth century), and now Moscow is the largest city in Europe.


European City Urban Habitat Urban Core Urban Fringe Settlement Type 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Further Reading

  1. Dunn R R, Gavin M C, Sanchez M C and Solomon J N (2006) The pigeon paradox: Dependence of global conservation on urban nature. Conservation Biology 20: 1814–1816PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Müller N (2010) On the most frequently occurring vascular plants and the role of non-native species in urban areas – a comparison of selected cities in the old and the new worlds. In Müller N, Werner P and Kelcey JG (eds), Urban Biodiversity and Design Conservation Science and Practice 7, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford: 227–242Google Scholar
  3. Kunick W (1987) Woody vegetation in settlements. Landscape and Urban Planning 14: 57–78CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Stace C A (2010) New Flora of the British Isles. Cambridge University Press, 1266pCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Sukopp H (2002) On the early history of urban ecology in Europe. Preslia 74: 373–393Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Landscape Management and Restoration EcologyUniversity of Applied Sciences ErfurtErfurtGermany

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