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Sofia

  • Dimitar Dimitrov
  • Maya Stoyneva
  • Dobri Ivanov
Chapter

Abstract

The flora of Sofia, which is formed by Centro-European species, is highly influenced by the flora of the surrounding mountains and the Sofia Plain. The city contains 920 vascular species (21.26% of the Bulgarian flora). In terms of its history, the flora comprises 552 native species, 275 archaeophytes and 83 neophytes. The city’s flora includes 12 statutorily protected species, 14 Bulgarian Red List species and 11 Bulgarian/Balkan endemics. Fallopia japonica is the most widespread non-native taxon, other non-native species include Eleusine indica, which is commonly found around the markets, and Ambrosia artemisiifolia, which is found along the railway tracks and on refuse dumps. The algal and lichen floras of Sofia have been poorly studied with little attention paid to them over the last few decades. This particularly applies to the highly urbanised city centre, the walls of building, monuments, tree bark and soils, which are now practically ignored in respect of algological and lichenological studies; new, in-depth studies are needed urgently. Virtually nothing is known about the fungi of the city, except those associated with lichens and those that cause ‘diseases’ in humans.

Keywords

Tree Bark Juglans Regia Myriophyllum Spicatum Acer Pseudoplatanus Ceratophyllum Demersum 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National Natural History MuseumSofiaBulgaria

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