Vocal Expressions of Anger

  • James A. Green
  • Pamela G. Whitney
  • Gwen E. Gustafson


The empirical literature demonstrates that vocal expressions of Anger are recognized at levels far exceeding chance. Further, several acoustic features of Anger expressions, including intensity, rate, and pitch, appear to serve as the basis for recognition. The standard experimental paradigm for demonstrating recognition of Anger involves actors creating the vocal expressions, pre-selection of stimuli and judges, and forced-choice paradigms for the judges to respond. The possible limitations of this kind of approach are reviewed along with the dominant theories of emotions that are behind the empirical studies. Recent work on embodied cognition as it relates to emotional expressions and suggestions for future studies is discussed.


Facial Expression Emotional Expression Acoustic Feature Anger Expression Speech Rate 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • James A. Green
    • 1
  • Pamela G. Whitney
    • 2
  • Gwen E. Gustafson
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Psychology, U-1020University of ConnecticutStorrsUSA
  2. 2.Department of Psychology, U-1020University of ConnecticutStorrsUSA

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