Toward an Integrative Psychotherapy for Maladaptive Anger

  • Ephrem Fernandez


This chapter adopts the psychoevolutionary position that anger, like any emotion, is part of a repertoire for handling various adaptational demands. However, it is explained that anger can become maladaptive in terms of the current conceptualization of what constitutes a psychological disorder. In such instances, the treatment options range from philosophico-religious approaches to standalone techniques. Shadowing recent trends in psychotherapy, a case is made for the integration of techniques to regulate anger. As shown, these are sequentially ordered according to phases for prevention, intervention, and postvention of anger. This parallels the course of anger from its onset, through its progression, to its resolution. As illustrated, the prevention phase is primarily behavioral, the intervention phase centers around cognitive strategies, and the postvention phase invokes affective therapies. The resulting cognitive–behavioral affective therapy (CBAT) is programmatic in the additional sense that there is a built-in contingency with which techniques are used. CBAT is more expansive in scope than CBT and in step with the current renaissance of affect as a topic of study within psychology and other disciplines. Preliminary empirical data are reported on the outcome of this program. The large effect sizes obtained are supportive of the absolute and relative efficacy of CBAT in regulating anger. Further research is encouraged for the implementation and evaluation of this integrative program in diverse populations.


Anger Management Trait Anger Anger Regulation Angry Feeling Behavioral Contract 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Psychology DepartmentUniversity of Texas at San AntonioSan AntonioUSA

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