The Development of Anger

  • Michael Lewis


This chapter describes the development of anger. To do so I need to distinguish between anger and other emotions and behaviors that are often confused with it. Having done so, I will argue that anger is an approach emotion. Unlike sadness or fear and more like happiness, its function is to move the infant into active engagement in its world in order to overcome obstacles to desired goals. Anger, as an approach action pattern, exists early and can be seen within the first few months of life.


Heart Rate Variability Behavioral Inhibition Cortisol Response Anger Expression Cortisol Release 
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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of Medicine and Dentistry of New JerseyNewarkUSA

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