General Policy Speech of Prime Ministers and Fiscal Choices in France: “Preach Water and Drink Wine!”
Since the inception of the Fifth French Republic, the Prime Minister pronounces an expected inauguration address of general policy in which main public policies are announced. Usually a hierarchical priority of policies is raised from this address. As a consequence the government aims at allocating budgets in accordance with such a ranking. Nevertheless public budgeting processes are regularly faced with incrementalism, which causes huge problems when some unexpected problems arise. Furthermore, during the electoral cycle, governments face a paradoxical problem: once elected they are supposed to transform their electoral promises into public policies but at the same time they are forced to propose a new electoral platform for being re-elected.
All along the Fifth Republic in 1958, France has experienced 17 governments and then 17 addresses of general policy. The regular shift of majority since the beginning of the 1980 s outlines the (in)capacity of incumbent governments to satisfy a majority of voters. In this perspective, this chapter aims at testing whether priorities of governmental action are matched with the ranking of budgetary allocations. For that, we propose to analyze all the 17 addresses of Prime Ministers with a data text mining technology in order to construct a dependant hierarchical variable. Thus we use budget series, economic, and political data as independent variables to estimate the shift of annual budget according to both the governmental priority and the time distance between the date of the Prime Minister’s inauguration address and observed annual budget law.
From a political economy perspective, this chapter tackles the ambiguous relationship between political address of French Prime Ministers and the budgeting response of their government. Using an original statistical database (47 years), we plan to better understand the relevance of public policy as it is implemented and not necessarily as the public address should target it.
KeywordsPrime Minister Public Spending General Policy French Government Divided Government
Authors greatly thank Dr Ludovic Lebart for fruitful help and his scientific expertise for analyzing discourses.
- Baumgartner, F. R., M. Foucault and A. François. 2009. Public budgeting in the French Fifth Republic: The end of ‘La République des partis’? West European Politics 32(2): forthcoming.Google Scholar
- Baumgartner, F. R., M. Foucault and A. François. 2006. A punctuated equilibrium in French budgeting processes. Journal of European Public Policy 13(7): 1082–1097.Google Scholar
- Bourbonnais R. 1998. Econométrie des séries temporelles. Paris: Dunod.Google Scholar
- Duhamel, O. 1998. Droit Constitutionnel: Le pouvoir Politique en France. Paris: Le SeuilGoogle Scholar
- Hood, C. 1983. The Tools of Government. London: MacMillan Press.Google Scholar
- Greene, W. H. 2003. Econometric Analysis. New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 5th edition.Google Scholar
- Imbeau, L. 2005. Do They Walk Like They Talk? Inauguration Addresses from the Throne and Budget Deficits in Ontario and Quebec. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Canadian Political Science Association. London, Ontario, June 2005Google Scholar
- Montpetit, E. 2008. Peut-on faire l’éloge de la girouette? In La Politique en Questions. Montréal: Presses de l’Université de Montréal.Google Scholar
- Siné, A. 2006. L’ordre budgétaire. L’économie politique des dépenses de l’Etat. Paris: Economica.Google Scholar
- Wildasky, A. 1964. The Politics of the Budgetary Process. Boston: Little, Brown.Google Scholar