An Introduction to Assessment
Assessment and Science
Assessment like science is a practical, systematic, evidence-driven activity. Assessment like science produces knowledge that is used to make decisions about the nature and characteristics of the world. Simply put, assessment and science are conceptually compatible activities. It is therefore surprising that many scientists feel uncomfortable with the idea and practice of educational assessment within their educational activities. The aim of this chapter is to introduce some basic concepts and approaches to the development of assessment. As with other scientific activities, enhanced understanding of the underlying concepts and procedures that direct assessment should allow scientists an increased ability to understand their educational programs and practices. In addition, this should enhance the understanding of the specific approach to in-laboratory assessment that is developed in this book.
Assessment, Evaluation, and Testing
For many scientists one of the core...