Long-Term Assessment of Concussion



Postconcussion syndrome (PCS) refers to the presence of symptoms persisting typically days to a few weeks beyond the initial injury, whereas persistent postconcussion syndrome (PPCS) represents symptoms lasting greater than 3 months. The aim of this chapter is to review the history of and current research on persistent symptoms of concussion, while concurrently helping the reader to judiciously select and effectively utilize assessment tools in the identification and management of PCS. Research trends in developing assessment and management tools for PCS are reviewed. A discussion of the controversies in the literature regarding definitions and diagnostic criteria is inevitable, but is kept to a minimum except as it relates to the need for further research.


Traumatic Brain Injury Somatic Symptom Persistent Symptom Mild Traumatic Brain Injury Cognitive Complaint 


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral MedicineChildren’s Hospital of WisconsinMilwaukeeUSA

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