Acute Treatment of Concussion
Concussion is a common problem presenting to the emergency department and primary care offices. The goal of acute care is to identify clinically significant intracranial lesions, treat acute concussion symptoms, and provide patients and families with useful discharge instructions. This chapter will focus on acute care issues including criteria requiring urgent evaluation, neuroimaging guidelines, acute symptom management, medications, admission criteria, outpatient, and discharge management.
KeywordsSevere Traumatic Brain Injury Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome Mild Traumatic Brain Injury Emergency Department Setting Intracranial Injury
- (AAN), A. A. o. N. (1997). Practice parameter: the management of concussion in sports (summary statement). Neurology, 48, 581–585.Google Scholar
- CDC. (2007). Heads up: brain injury in your practice. Atlanta, GA: CDC.Google Scholar
- Maegele, M., Lippert-Gruener, M., Ester-Bode, T., Garbe, J., Bouillon, B., Neugebauer, E., et al. (2005). Multimodal early onset stimulation combined with enriched environment is associated with reduced CNS lesion volume and enhanced reversal of neuromotor dysfunction after traumatic brain injury in rats. European Journal of Neuroscience, 21(9), 2406–2418.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Tello, J. (1913). Pre-historic tephination among the Yamjos of Peru. 18th Session Congress Inter. des. Amer, pp. 75–83.Google Scholar