Historical Perspectives on Concussion

  • Mark E. Halstead


Knowledge about concussions has evolved over the last several thousand years. Early concepts focused on a concussion being a symptom of a head injury, rather than more modern thinking of concussion as its own independent diagnosis with its own set of symptoms. The areas of basic science, neuropsychology, and prevention of concussion through protective gear are explored in historical terms.


Head Injury Skull Fracture National Football League International Olympic Committee National Collegiate Athletic Association 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Pediatrics and OrthopedicsWashington University School of Medicine, Sports Concussion ClinicSt. LouisUSA

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