Advertisement

Ecoregion Redistribution Under Climate Change

  • Robert G. Bailey
Chapter

Abstract

Ecoregions are large, regional scale ecosystems—such as the Sonoran Desert. These regions are primarily defined by climatic conditions and on the prevailing plant formations determined by those conditions. Climate, as a source of energy and water, acts as the primary control for ecosystem distribution, including ecoregions. As climate changes, so do ecosystems, as a petrified forest lying in a desert attests (Fig. 8.1). With recognition that climate is a principal controlling factor for ecosystems, there exists a need to study potential climatic change in terms of its ramifications for the Earth’s terrestrial ecosystems. Knowing where ecological shifts will most likely occur and consequences associated with such shifts are prerequisite to the evaluation of these changes in terms of development and resource management decisions.

Keywords

Normalize Difference Vegetation Index Sonoran Desert Climate Classification Potential Climatic Change Glacial Advance 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Brown, J.H. 1995. Macroecology. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. 269p.Google Scholar
  2. Christopherson, R.W. 2000. Geosystems: an introduction to physical geography. 4th ed. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall. 626p.Google Scholar
  3. Claussen, M.; Esch, M. 1994. Biomes computed from simulated climatologies. Climate Dynamics. 9: 235–243.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Diaz, H.F.; Eischeid, J.K. 2007. Disappearing “alpine tundra” Köppen climatic type in the western United States. Geophysical Research Letters. 34: L18707.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Emanuel, W.R.; Shugart, H.H.; Stevenson, M.P. 1985. Climatic change and the broad-scale distribution of terrestrial ecosystem complexes. Climate Change. 7: 29–43.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Fairbridge, R.W. 1963. Africa ice-age aridity. In: Nairn, A.E.M. (ed.). Problems in paleoclimatology. London: Wiley. pp. 356–363.Google Scholar
  7. Halpin, P.N. 1994. Latitudinal variation in the potential response of mountain ecosystems to climatic change In: M. Beniston (ed.). Mountain environments in changing climates. London & New York: Routledge. pp. 180–203.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Imbrie, J.; Imbrie, K.P. 1979. Ice ages: solving the mystery. Short Hills, NJ: Enslow Publishers. 224p.Google Scholar
  9. IPCC. 2007. Climate change 2007: the physical science basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. 996p.Google Scholar
  10. Kalvova, J.; Halenka, T.; Bezpalcova, K.; Nemesova, I. 2003. Köppen climate types in observed and simulated climates. Studia Geophysica et Geodaetica. 47: 185–202.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Köppen, W. 1931. Grundriss der Klimakunde. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter. 388p.Google Scholar
  12. Lohmann, U.; Sausen, R.; Bengtsson, L.; Cubasch, U.; Perlwitz, J.; Roeckner, E. 1993. The Köppen climate classification as a diagnostic tool for general circulation models. Climate Research. 3: 177–193.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Mitchell, J.M. 1977. Carbon dioxide and future climate. Environmental Data Service, March. pp. 3–9.Google Scholar
  14. Prentice, I.C.; Cramer, W.; Harrison, S.P.; Leemans, R.; Monserud, R.A.; Solomon, A.M. 1992. A global biome model based on plant physiology and dominance, soil properties and climate. Journal of Biogeography. 19: 117–134.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Trewartha, G.T. 1968. An introduction to climate. 4th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill. 408p.Google Scholar
  16. Wang, M.; Overland, J.E. 2004. Detecting arctic climate change using Köppen climate classification. Climatic Change. 67: 43–62.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Rocky Mountain Research StationUSDA Forest ServiceFort CollinsUSA

Personalised recommendations