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Learning Problems

  • Ton de Jong
  • Tamara van Gog
  • Kathleen Jenks
  • Sarah Manlove
  • Janet van Hell
  • Jelle Jolles
  • Jeroen van Merriënboer
  • Theo van Leeuwen
  • Annemarie Boschloo
Chapter

Dyslexia

Many children experience difficulty learning to read although they receive sufficient reading instruction. Reading difficulties that do not result from global intellectual deficits or a chronic problem of motivation are termed dyslexia. Quantifying the (world wide) prevalence of dyslexia would require a universally accepted definition and screening process, both of which are lacking. However, estimates range from 2% to 10% of the population, with higher rates found in languages with a deep orthography. Both within the fields of neuropsychology and cognitive (neuro)science there is considerable knowledge on dyslexia. The present chapter focuses on some issues which are particularly relevant for education. The reader is referred to recent reviews and reports for more in-depth evaluation such as the OECD report (2007) and a paper by Goswami in Nature Reviews Neuroscience (2006).

Keywords

Cognitive Neuroscience Phonological Representation Intraparietal Sulcus Irregular Word Nature Review Neuroscience 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ton de Jong
    • 1
  • Tamara van Gog
    • 2
  • Kathleen Jenks
    • 3
  • Sarah Manlove
    • 4
  • Janet van Hell
    • 3
  • Jelle Jolles
    • 5
  • Jeroen van Merriënboer
    • 6
  • Theo van Leeuwen
    • 1
  • Annemarie Boschloo
    • 5
  1. 1.Faculty of Behavioral SciencesUniversity of TwenteEnschedeNetherlands
  2. 2.Centre for Learning Sciences and TechnologiesOpen University of the NetherlandsHeerlenNetherlands
  3. 3.Behavioural Science InstituteRadboud University NijmegenNijmegenNetherlands
  4. 4.University of TwenteEnschedeNetherlands
  5. 5.Faculty of Psychology and EducationVU University AmsterdamAmsterdamNetherlands
  6. 6.Open University of the NetherlandsHeerlenNetherlands

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