Pathogenetic Changes: Secondary Abdominal Compartment Syndrome
The World Society of Abdominal Compartment Syndrome (WSACS), formed by a group of investigators interested in the syndrome, has had three sessions as world congresses. The most recent one was in Antwerp, Belgium, in March 2007. The society reviewed the existing literature on the syndrome and proposed consensus definitions and recommendations [1, 2] for several key elements. State-of-the-art concepts have also been published as a monograph . The consensus definition of Intra-Abdominal Hypertension (IAH) is a persistently elevated Intra-Abdominal Pressure (IAP) greater than 12 mmHg. Abdominal Compartment Syndrome (ACS) is defined by the WSACS as ‘the presence of IAH accompanied by organ dysfunction(s) such as cardiac, respiratory, and renal  dysfunction.’ ACS is referred to as “secondary” when there are no conditions originating from the abdomino-pelvic region.
KeywordsAbdominal Compartment Syndrome Open Abdomen Landes Bioscience Crystalloid Resuscitation Secondary Abdominal Compartment Syndrome
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