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Pediatric Trauma and Polytrauma Pediatric Patients

  • Yigit S. Guner
  • Henri R. Ford
  • Jeffrey S. Upperman

The latest version of the pediatric report of the National Trauma Databank (NTDB) contains 221,451 records from U.S. trauma centers from 2000 to 2004 [1]. In this report, blunt mechanisms of injury including motor vehicle crashes (43%) and falls from a height (19.9%) account for the majority of injuries, whereas penetrating injuries comprise only 9% of the total [1]. Trauma is the leading cause of death in children between ages 1 and 14 years in the United States [2]. Injury-related death in childhood is also a global problem as it is the leading cause of death in both industrial and developing countries [3]. Nearly 16,000,000 children visit emergency departments for injuries each year. Of those, 15,000 die and 20,000 are disabled. There are nearly 10 million pediatric injury-related primary care visits in the U.S. annually [4]. In fact, injury is the principal reason for medical spending for children 5–14 years of age [2]. These figures underscore the public health impact of pediatric trauma in contemporary society.

Keywords

Blunt Trauma Splenic Injury Cervical Spine Injury Pediatric Trauma Pulmonary Contusion 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yigit S. Guner
    • 1
  • Henri R. Ford
  • Jeffrey S. Upperman
  1. 1.Childrens Hospital Los Angeles/University of Southern California, Department of Pediatric SurgeryUniversity of California Davis Medical CenterLos AngelesUSA

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