Pelvic Fractures in Polytrauma Patients

  • Peter V. Giannoudis
  • Christopher C. Tzioupis
  • Hans-Christoph Pape

In recent years, the surgical insult has been described, measured, and quantified with inflammatory mediators such as interleukins and other chemokines [1, 2, 3]. The “two-hit” theory for trauma patients indicates that the likelihood of developing post-traumatic complications is increased if several adverse impacts such as hemorrhage, infection, or surgery occur sequentially.


External Fixation Pelvic Fracture Pelvic Ring Advance Trauma Life Support Sacral Fracture 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter V. Giannoudis
    • 1
  • Christopher C. Tzioupis
  • Hans-Christoph Pape
  1. 1.Trauma and Orthopaedic SurgeryUniversity of Leeds, Leeds General Infirmary, University HospitalLeedsUK

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