Sequences Promoting Recoding Are Singular Genomic Elements

  • Pavel V. Baranov
  • Olga Gurvich
Part of the Nucleic Acids and Molecular Biology book series (NUCLEIC, volume 24)


The distribution of sequences which induce non-standard decoding, especially of shift-prone sequences, is very unusual. On one hand, since they can disrupt standard genetic readout, they are avoided within the coding regions of most genes. On the other hand, they play important regulatory roles for the expression of those genes where they do occur. As a result, they are preserved among homologs and exhibit deep phylogenetic conservation. The combination of these two constraints results in a characteristic distribution of recoding sequences across genomes: they are highly conserved at specific locations while they are very rare in other locations. We term such sequences singular genomic elements to signify their rare occurrence and biological importance.


Stop Codon Codon Bias Codon Usage Bias Singular Element Codon Reassignment 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



P.V.B. thanks Science Foundation Ireland for Support.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Biochemistry DepartmentUniversity College CorkCorkIreland
  2. 2.Cork Cancer Research CentreUniversity College CorkCorkIreland

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