Antimicrobial Resistance in Gram-Negative Bacteria from Developing Countries

  • Soraya Sgambatti de Andrade
  • Ana Cristina Gales
  • Helio Silva Sader


Antimicrobial resistance is a worldwide problem, with severe implications for developing countries, where a high infectious disease burden coexists with rapid emergence and spread of antimicrobial resistance. Furthermore, cost constrains the broader use of newer, more expensive therapeutic agents and the application of appropriate infection control measures. In the present chapter, we address the main antimicrobial resistance problems affecting hospital- and community-acquired bacterial infections. The majority of the data reviewed here was obtained from multinational surveillance programs and the chapter is structured according to organisms or organism groups.


Nalidixic Acid Resistance Rate Meningococcal Disease Quinolone Resistance ESBL Producer 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Soraya Sgambatti de Andrade
    • 1
  • Ana Cristina Gales
    • 1
  • Helio Silva Sader
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Infectious Diseases Division, Laboratório Especial de Microbiologia Clínica, Department of MedicineUniversidade Federal de São PauloSão PauloBrazil
  2. 2.JMI LaboratoriesNorth LibertyUSA

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