Transnational Governance of Labour Standards: Insights from the Clothing Industry in Turkey

  • Tugce Bulut

Rapid transnationalization at the global scale has been transforming the governance structures of nation-states for more than three decades. One of the areas most influenced by transnationalization is the governance of the labour market at the national level. While the ever-increasing pressures to reduce cost in order to stay competitive in the global market have been influencing the labour market policies especially in developing countries, the proliferation and expansion of new modes of regulation such as standards, codes of conduct, certification and monitoring frames has introduced new dynamics into the governance structures.


Labour Market Informal Economy Clothing Industry Buyer Firm Labour Inspector 



The sections of this chapter that cover an overview of the current situation of the clothing industry in Turkey and a review of the code of conducts of transnational branded companies also appear in Bulut, T., and Lane, C. (2009) The private regulation of labour standards and rights in the global clothing industry: An evaluation of its effectiveness in two developing countries, unpublished manuscript, which can be obtained from the author. I would like to thank Fikret Adaman, László Bruszt, Marie-Laure Djelic and Christel Lane, as well as all participants of the European Research Colloquium, for their helpful comments on earlier drafts of this chapter. The usual disclaimer applies.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tugce Bulut
    • 1
  1. 1.University of CambridgeCambridgeUK

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