Diversion: A Meaningful and Successful Alternative to Punishment in European Juvenile Justice Systems

  • Frieder Dünkel


In 1967 the US President’s Commission on Law Enforcement and Administration of Justice in its final report stated: ‘ The formal sanctioning system and pronouncement of delinquency should be used only as a last resort. In place of the formal system, dispositional alternatives to adjudication must be developed for dealing with juveniles, including agencies to provide and coordinate services and procedures to achieve necessary control without unnecessary stigma. Alternatives already available, such as those related to court intake, should be more fully exploited. The range of conduct for which court intervention is authorized should be narrowed, with greater emphasis upon consensual and informal means of meeting the problems of difficult children’, see President’s Commission on Law Enforcement and Administration of Justice 1967, p. 2; see also Heinz 2005, p. 168.


Juvenile Justice Restorative Justice Juvenile Justice System Juvenile Delinquency Recidivism Rate 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Frieder Dünkel
    • 1
  1. 1.Rechts- und Staatswissenschaftliche FakultätUniversität GreifswaldGreifswaldGermany

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