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Transfer of Minors to the Criminal Court in Europe: Belgium and the Netherlands

  • Ido Weijers
  • An Nuytiens
  • Jenneke Christiaens
Chapter

Abstract

The transfer of youths from the juvenile to the criminal court was common in large parts of the world throughout the past century. Right from the start, judicial waiver mechanisms to remove very serious cases from the juvenile court formed part of the juvenile justice system in many countries. It was and is still viewed by many as a ‘safety valve’ for the juvenile courts, and for the juvenile justice system as a whole. The idea was that by offering this safety valve for extremely serious cases that happen only rarely, the special treatment of the mass of young offenders could be saved. There has been little if any research into these mechanisms until recently, when, alarmed by reports from the United States, some researchers in Western Europe started to investigate this phenomenon.

Keywords

Juvenile Justice Penal Code Juvenile Justice System Prison Sentence Juvenile Court 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ido Weijers
    • 1
  • An Nuytiens
    • 1
  • Jenneke Christiaens
    • 2
  1. 1.Faculty of Social Sciences – PedagogicUniversity of UtrechtUtrechtThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Section Penal Law and CriminologyUniversity of GentGentBelgium

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