Custodial Establishments for Juveniles in Europe
Studies of juvenile justice generally give a good deal of attention to how much use is made of detention both at the pretrial or remand stage and also as a punishment or treatment option. This is not surprising given the financial, social and ethical costs of incarceration. Rather less attention is usually given to the nature and practice of detention, the conditions in which juveniles are held, the types of regimes, staffing and treatment philosophy. This chapter attempts to describe some of the trends not in the number of young people locked up but in the way they are treated behind bars. After discussing the framework of international law, the chapter looks at the different types of establishments and the kinds of experience they provide for young people before looking at a number of key issues.