Assessment and Diagnosis

  • Michael E. Portman

There is little debate about at least one topic – GAD is one of the most difficult disorders to assess and diagnose with any significant consistency (Holmes & Newman, 2006). The reasons for this barrier in establishing a clear and precise diagnosis are the following: (1) complexities in the interpretation of DSM criteria, (2) symptoms overlap with other disorders, (3) questions regarding diagnostic threshold, and (4) patient variability in reporting symptoms (Brown et al., 2001). Turk and Wolanin (2006) echo the above conviction, by arguing that assessment and diagnosis of GAD have been impeded by the consistent evolution of the diagnostic criteria with each revision of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders(DSM), hampering development of theoretical models and retarding development of instruments consistent with these models. Of all the anxiety disorders, GAD is one of the least reliably diagnosed (Di Nardo, 1993). Owing to these challenges, some researchers have...


Anxiety Disorder Generalize Anxiety Disorder Personality Disorder Social Anxiety Disorder Depression Anxiety Stress Scale 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Cleveland Veterans AdministrationCase Western Reserve UniversityUSA

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