Modern agriculture and the food industry are under constant pressure to produce healthier, tastier and cheaper food, while at the same time maintaining and improving safety standards. Consequently, these industries are all the time demanding still better, more efficient genotypes of crop species and farm animals suited to a wide range of usages. Farmers, in particular, are calling for species that are more resistant to disease, that have improved adaptation to stress, and that facilitate simpler farming systems while also increasing yield and productivity. At the same time, scientists believe that such animal and crop varieties could provide a source of food for poor countries and, thereby, help to prevent, and ultimately eliminate, third-world malnutrition (Biotechnology Industry Organization, 2008; Monastra & Rossi, 2003; Herdt, 2006).
The genetic resources of plants and animals have been altered by centuries of careful selection. In the nineteenth century, Mendel's...
KeywordsGenetically Modify Genetically Modify Food Modern Biotechnology Codex Alimentarius Commission Genetically Modify Event
The work was supported by the projects of The Czech Ministry of Agriculture CZ00027002602, MZE0002700604 and 1B44068 (National Agency for Agricultural Research).
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