Believable Characters

  • Magy Seif El-Nasr
  • Leslie Bishko
  • Veronica Zammitto
  • Michael Nixon
  • Athanasios V. Vasiliakos
  • Huaxin Wei


The interactive entertainment industry is one of the fastest growing industries in the world. In 1996, the U.S. entertainment software industry reported $2.6 billion in sales revenue, this figure has more than tripled in 2007 yielding $9.5 billion in revenues [1]. In addition, gamers, the target market for interactive entertainment products, are now reaching beyond the traditional 8–34 year old male to include women, Hispanics, and African Americans [2]. This trend has been observed in several markets, including Japan, China, Korea, and India, who has just published their first international AAA title (defined as high quality games with high budget), a 3D third person action game: GhajiniThe Game [3]. The topic of believable characters is becoming a central issue when designing and developing games for today’s game industry. While narrative and character were considered secondary to game mechanics, games are currently evolving to integrate characters, narrative, and drama as part of their design. One can see this pattern through the emergence of games like Assassin’s Creed (published by Ubisoft 2008), Hotel Dusk (published by Nintendo 2007), and Prince of Persia series (published by Ubisoft), which emphasized character and narrative as part of their design.


Character Attribute Nonverbal Behavior Factor Theory Personality Model Motion Capture Data 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Magy Seif El-Nasr
    • 1
  • Leslie Bishko
    • 2
  • Veronica Zammitto
    • 3
  • Michael Nixon
    • 3
  • Athanasios V. Vasiliakos
    • 4
  • Huaxin Wei
    • 3
  1. 1.School of Interactive Arts and TechnologySimon Fraser UniversityVancouverCanada
  2. 2.Department of AnimationEmily Carr University of Art and DesignVancouverCanada
  3. 3.School of Interactive Arts and TechnologySimon Fraser UniversityVancouverCanada
  4. 4.University of PeloponneseNauplionGreece

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