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Neuropsychological Correlates of Childhood and Adolescent Psychiatric Disorders: Disruptive Behavior Disorders

  • Margaret Semrud-Clikeman
  • Phyllis Anne Teeter Ellison

Abstract

Externalizing disorders have been defined as those disorders in which overt behavior is present (American Psychiatric Association [APA], 2000). Externalized disorders are characterized by numerous dysfunctional behaviors, which pose difficulties in management in the social and psychological aspects of the child’s life. The externalized disorders to be reviewed include Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and conduct disorder. Severe neuropsychiatric disorders, including Tourette syndrome, are discussed here because of the similarities in the brain areas that are implicated and in the neurotransmitter systems that are thought to be involved. Many of the symptoms of ADHD and frontal lobe dysfunction are also found with autism and Tourette syndrome. Biochemical and neuropsychological models of these disorders will be discussed in more detail in the following sections, including the effects on these neuropsychiatric disorders on the psychosocial and academic functioning of children.

Keywords

Conduct Disorder Oppositional Defiant Disorder ADHD Symptom Tourette Syndrome Conduct Disorder 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Margaret Semrud-Clikeman
    • 1
  • Phyllis Anne Teeter Ellison
    • 2
  1. 1.Michigan State UniversityLansingUSA
  2. 2.Department of Educational PsychologyUniversity of WisconsinMilwaukeeUSA

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