• M. R. Haberfeld
  • Joseph F. King
  • Charles Andrew Lieberman
  • Andre Konze


In 1945, subsequent to being defeated twice, World War I and World War II, in the first half of the twentieth century, Germany was occupied by the United States (USA), the United Kingdom (UK), France, and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR). With the advent of the Cold War, two separate German states were formed in 1949: the western Federal Republic of Germany (FRG) and the eastern German Democratic Republic (GDR). The democratic FRG embedded itself in key Western economic and security organizations, including the EC, which became the EU, and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO).


Police Officer Terrorist Attack Police Service German Democratic Republic North Atlantic Treaty Organization 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. R. Haberfeld
    • 1
  • Joseph F. King
    • 1
  • Charles Andrew Lieberman
    • 1
  • Andre Konze
    • 2
  1. 1.City University of New York, John Jay college of Criminal JusticeNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.State Police of North RhineWestphaliaDüsseldorfGermany

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