Republic of Turkey (Turkiye Cumhuriyeti)

  • M. R. Haberfeld
  • Joseph F. King
  • Charles Andrew Lieberman


The country of Turkey is located in the southeastern region of Europe and the southwestern region of Asia, with two of its coasts resting along the Mediterranean and Black Sea. Although the majority of the country resides within the Asian continent, a small proportion of it is located in European territory, near Greece and Bulgaria. The official and formal name of Turkey is the Republic of Turkey. The land that constitutes Turkey is one of the more earthquake-prone regions in the world. Approximately, there are over 71.8 million people residing within the country, in which 80% of the population is Turkish and an estimated 20% is Kurdish or some other ethnic origin. The official language of the country is Turkish, yet Kurdish, Zaza, Arabic, Armenian, and Greek are also frequently used.


National Police Patrol Officer Intelligence Gathering Passive Supporter Terrorist Suspect 


  1. Jenkins, G. (2008, January 24th). Back with a vengeance: Turkish Hezbollah. The Jamestown Foundation Terrorism Monitor: In-Depth Analysis of the War on Terror, 6(2), 9–11.Google Scholar
  2. Karmon, E. (1998, Winter). Islamic terrorist activities in Turkey in the 1990 s. Terrorism and Political Violence, 10(4), 101–121.Google Scholar
  3. Kinzer, S. (2001). Crescent & star: Turkey between two worlds. New York, NY: Farrar, Straus and Giroux.Google Scholar
  4. Mango, A. (2004). The Turks today. New York, NY: The Overlook Press.Google Scholar
  5. Mango, A. (2005). Turkey and the war on terror for forty years we fought alone. New York, NY: Routledge.Google Scholar
  6. McGregor, A. (2007, July 3). Turkey’s evolving anti-terrorism measures on the Iraqi border. Terrorism Focus, 4(21), 1–7.Google Scholar
  7. Rheinheimer, F. (n.d.). Counterterrorism in the European Union: A who’s who of the agencies involved. World Security Institute. Retrieved from
  8. Tignor, R., Adelman, J., Aron, S., Kotkin, S., Marchand, S., Prakash, G., et al. (2002). Worlds together worlds apart: A history of the modern world from the Mongol Empire to the present (pp. 380–381). New York, NY: W. W. Norton & Company, Inc.Google Scholar
  9. Van Bruinessen, M. (1996). Turkey’s death squads. Middle East Report, 199, 20–23. Retrieved from CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Wilkinson, P. (2005). International terrorism: The changing threat and the EU’s response. Institute for Security Studies. Retrieved from
  11. Zurcher, E. J. (2004). Turkey: A modern history (p. 277). London: I. B. Tauris & Co. Ltd.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. R. Haberfeld
    • 1
  • Joseph F. King
    • 1
  • Charles Andrew Lieberman
    • 1
  1. 1.City University of New York, John Jay college of Criminal JusticeNew YorkUSA

Personalised recommendations