The Comparative Approach to Counterterrorism

  • M. R. Haberfeld
  • Joseph F. King
  • Charles Andrew Lieberman


Community policing has become a common theme when discussing how a democratic society maintains law and order without jeopardizing the freedoms and rights of its citizens.1 Ferreira (1996). The definition of community policing varies among scholars and researchers, and an agreement of universal definition has yet to be established. Depending on the definition being utilized, confusion and difficulty may occur when attempting to determine whether or not community policing is actually being implemented within a police department.2 Maguire and Mastrofski (2000). However, the broad concept of community policing, which typically indicates problem solving and community involvement as key components for effective policing, seems to remain somewhat consistent among the majority of definitions.


Police Officer Crime Rate Terrorist Attack Police Department Community Involvement 


  1. Capowich, G., & Roehl, J. (1994). Problem-oriented policing: Actions and effectiveness in San Diego. In D. P. Rosenbaum (Ed.), The challenge of community policing: Testing the promises (pp. 127–146). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
  2. Crank, J. P., & Langworthy, R. H. (1996). Fragmented centralization and the organization of the police. Policing and Society, 6, 213–229.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Donnermeyer, J. F. (2002). Local preparedness for terrorism: A view from law enforcement. Police Practice and Research, 3(4), 347–360.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Ferreira, B. R. (1996). The use and effectiveness of community policing in a democracy. In M. Pagon (Ed.), Policing in Central and Eastern Europe: Comparing firsthand knowledge with experience from the west (pp. 139–149). Ljubljana, Slovenia: College of Police and Security Studies.Google Scholar
  5. Goldstein, H. (1990). Problem-oriented policing. New York: McGraw-Hill.Google Scholar
  6. Haberfeld, M. R. (1997). Poland: “the police are not the public and the public are not the police”: Transformation from militia to police. Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies & Management, 20(4), 641–654.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Haberfeld, M. R. (2002). Critical issues in police training. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education, Inc.Google Scholar
  8. Haberfeld, M. R., Walancik, P., & Uydess, A. M. (2002). Teamwork – not making the dream work: Community policing in Poland. Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies & Management, 25(1), 147–168.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Haberfeld, M. R., & Cerrah, I. (2007). Comparative policing: The struggle for democratization. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, Inc.Google Scholar
  10. Innes, M. (2006, May). Policing uncertainty: Countering terror through community intelligence and democratic policing. The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 605(1), 222–241.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Kelling, G. L., & Moore, M. H. (1988). The evolving strategy of policing. Perspectives on Policing, 4, 1–15.Google Scholar
  12. Lum, C., Kennedy, L. W., & Sherley, A. J. (2006). The effectiveness of counter-terrorism strategies: A Campbell systematic review. Journal of Experimental Criminology, 2(4), 489–516.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Maguire, E. R., & Mastrofski, S. D. (2000, March). Patterns of community policing in the United States. Police Quarterly, 3(1), 4–45.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Murray, J. (2005, September). Policing terrorism: A threat to community policing or just a shift in priorities? Police Practice and Research, 6(4), 347–361.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Office of Community Oriented Policing Services. (2008, April 30). What is community policing? Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Justice. Retrieved from Scholar
  16. Oliver, W. M. (2000, December). The third generation of community policing: Moving through innovation, diffusion and institutionalization. Police Quarterly, 3(4), 367–388.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Plummer, L. C. (1999, March). Community policing: Thriving because it works. Police Quarterly, 2(1), 96–102.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Reith, C. (1948). A short history of the British police. London, UK: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  19. Scheider, M. C., & Chapman, R. (2003, April). Community policing and terrorism. Homeland Security Institute, Journal of Homeland Security. Retrieved from
  20. Skogan, W. G. (2004). Community policing: Can it work? Belmont, CA: Thomson Wadsworth.Google Scholar
  21. Sloan, S. (2002, January). Meeting the terrorist threat: The localization of counter terrorism intelligence. Police, Practice, and Research, 3(4), 337–345.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Wilson, J. Q., & Kelling, G. L. (1982, March). Broken windows: The police and neighborhood safety. Atlantic Monthly, 29–38.Google Scholar
  23. Worrall, J. L., & Kovandzic, T. V. (2007). COPS grants and crime revisited. Criminology, 45(1), 159–190.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Xu, Y., Fiedler, M. L., & Flaming, K. H. (2005, May). Discovering the impact of community policing: The broken windows thesis, collective efficacy, and citizens’ judgment. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 42(2), 147–186.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Zhao, J. S., Scheider, M. C., & Thurman, Q. (2002, November). Funding community policing to reduce crime: Have COPS grants made a difference? Criminology & Public Policy, 2(1), 7–32.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. R. Haberfeld
    • 1
  • Joseph F. King
    • 1
  • Charles Andrew Lieberman
    • 1
  1. 1.City University of New York, John Jay college of Criminal JusticeNew YorkUSA

Personalised recommendations