Although it follows from the definition of stationarity that a stationary time series model cannot have components at specific frequencies, it can nevertheless be described in terms of an average frequency composition. Spectral analysis distributes the variance of a time series over frequency, and there are many applications. It can be used to characterise wind and wave forces, which appear random but have a frequency range over which most of the power is concentrated. The British Standard BS6841, “Measurement and evaluation of human exposure to whole-body vibration”, uses spectral analysis to quantify exposure of personnel to vibration and repeated shocks. Many of the early applications of spectral analysis were of economic time series, and there has been recent interest in using spectral methods for economic dynamics analysis (Iacobucci and Noullez, 2005).
KeywordsSampling Interval Discrete Fourier Transform Sine Wave Southern Oscillation Index Record Length
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.