Younger Children

Part of the Issues in Clinical Child Psychology book series (ICCP)


Increasingly, mental health resources are being targeted toward prevention and early intervention programs. For example, in the United States the Head Start initiative has grown from being a program primarily for 4–year-olds to providing services to high-risk families with children in the 0–3-year-old age range. Additionally, numerous programs are available throughout the UnitedStates and abroad that target the development of parenting skills in pregnant and high-risk adolescent mothers. Some high schools even provide on-site nurseries and parenting classes to teenagers. With the emphasis on teaching positive parenting to parents of infants and toddlers, there has been an increased demand for provision of PCIT services to children from birth to 24 months.


Nursing Assistant Coaching Session Peabody Picture Vocabulary Temper Tantrum Vocabulary Development 
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  1. Dombrowski, S. C., Timmer, S. G., Blacker, D. M., & Urquiza, A. J. (2005). A positive behavioural intervention for toddlers: Parent-child attunement therapy. Child Abuse Review, 14(2), 132–151.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Hart, B., & Risley, R. T. (1995). Meaningful differences in the everyday experience of young American children. Baltimore: Paul H. Brookes.Google Scholar
  3. Lyman, R.D., & Hembree-Kigin, T. L. (1994). Mental health interventions with preschool children. New York: Kluwer.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cheryl Bodiford McNeil
    • 1
  • Toni L. Hembree-Kigin
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyWest Virginia UniversityMorgantownUSA
  2. 2.Early Childhood Mental Health ServicesMesaUSA

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