Child Physical Abuse

Part of the Issues in Clinical Child Psychology book series (ICCP)


This bookhighlights the dynamic nature of Parent-Child Interaction Therapy (PCIT) and the robust findings demonstrating its effectiveness in enhancing the quality of parent-child relationships and reducing child behavior problems. These qualities have led clinicians and researchers to consider the use of PCIT with other clinical populations including families with a history of child physical abuse (CPA). Looking back, we can see how the focus on the parent-child relationship and the direct coaching of skills in vivo make PCIT a logical fit for use with families with a history of CPA; however, it took the vision of a pioneer in the field of child maltreatment (Barbara Bonner) and an eager post-doctoral student with solid training in PCIT (Cheryl McNeil) to make it all come together.


Domestic Violence Physical Abuse Child Behavior Problem Child Welfare System Child Physical Abuse 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Abidin, R. (1995). Parenting stress index: Professional manual (3rd ed.). Lutz, FL: Psychological Assessment Resources, Inc.Google Scholar
  2. American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed, text revision). Washington, DC: Author.Google Scholar
  3. Appel, A. E., & Holden, G. W. (1998). The co-occurrence of spouse and physical child abuse: A review and appraisal. Journal of Family Psychology, 12(4), 578–599.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Belsky, J. (1993). Etiology of child maltreatment: A developmental-ecological analysis. Psychological Bulletin, 114, 413–434.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bloom, L. (1993). The transition from infancy to language: Acquiring the power of expression. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bousha, D. M., & Twentyman, C. T. (1984). Mother-child interactional style in abuse, neglect, and control groups: Naturalistic observations in the home. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 93, 106–114.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Campos, J. J., Frankel, C. B., & Camras, L. (2004). On the nature of emotion regulation. Child Development, 75, 377–394.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Cannon, A. (2000, September 18). From mumbo jumbo to a child’s death. U.S. News & World Report, 129, 36.Google Scholar
  9. Chadwick Center for Children and Families. (2004). Closing the quality chasm in child abuse treatment: Identifying and disseminating best practices. San Diego, CA: Author.Google Scholar
  10. Chaffin, M., Funderburk, B., & Bard, D., & McCoy (2008, June). New research on motivational enhancement and PCIT. Paper presented at the PCIT Washington Membership Meeting, Seattle, Washington.Google Scholar
  11. Chaffin, M., Hanson, R., Saunders, B. E., Nichols, T., Barnett, D., Zeanah, C., et al. (2006). Report of the APSAC task force on attachment therapy, reactive attachment disorder, and attachment problems. Child Maltreatment, 11, 76–89.Google Scholar
  12. Chaffin, M., Silovsky, J. F., Funderburk, B., Valle, L. A., Brestan, E. V., Balachova, T., et al. (2004). Parent-child interaction therapy with physically abusive parents: Efficacy for reducing future abuse reports. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 72(3), 500–510.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Cicchetti, D., & Lynch, M. (1993). Toward an ecological/transactional model of community violence and child maltreatment. Psychiatry, 56, 96–118.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. Coster, W. J., Gersten, M. S., Beeghly, M., & Cicchetti, D. (1989). Communicative functioning in maltreated toddlers. Developmental Psychology, 25, 1020–1029.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Derogatis, L. R. (1975). Brief symptom inventory. Baltimore, MD: Clinical Psychometric Research.Google Scholar
  16. Derogatis, L. R. (1993). BSI brief symptom inventory: Administration, scoring, and procedures manual (4th ed.). Minneapolis, MN: National Computer Systems.Google Scholar
  17. Eamon, M. K. (2001). The effects of poverty on children’s socioemotional development: An ecological systems analysis. Social Work, 46(3), 256–266.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Elliott, D. S., & Mihalic, S. (2004). Issues in disseminating and replicating effective prevention programs. Prevention Science, 5, 47–53.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Endriga, M. C., Jordan, J. R., & Speltz, M. L. (2003). Emotion self-regulation in preschool-aged children with and without orofacial clefts. Journal of Development and Behavioral Pediatrics, 24, 336–344.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Eyberg, S. M. (2005). Tailoring and adapting parent-child interaction therapy for new populations. Education and Treatment of Children, 28, 197–201.Google Scholar
  21. Eyberg, S. M., Nelson, M. M., Duke, M., & Boggs, S. R. (2005). Manual for the dyadic parent-child interaction coding system (3rd ed.). Unpublished manuscript, Gainesville, FL: University of Florida.Google Scholar
  22. Eyberg, S. M., & Pincus, D. (1999). Eyberg child behavior inventory and Sutter-Eyberg behavior inventory-revised professional manual. Odessa, FL: Psychological Assessment Resources, Inc.Google Scholar
  23. Famularo, R., Fenton, T., Kinscherff, R., Ayoub, C., & Barnum, R. (1994). Maternal and child posttraumatic stress disorder in cases of child maltreatment. Child Abuse & Neglect, 18, 27–36.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Funderburk, B. W. (2007, September). PCIT: Back to Basics. Paper presented at the Parent-Child Interaction Therapy Conference, Oklahoma City, OK.Google Scholar
  25. Funderburk, B., Ware, L., Altshuler, E., & Chaffin, M. (2008). Use and feasibility of telemedicine technology in the dissemination of parent-child interaction therapy. Child Maltreatment, 13, 377–382.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Hanson, R. F., & Spratt, E. G. (2000). Reactive attachment disorder: What we know about the disorder and implications for treatment. Child Maltreatment, 5, 137–145.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Herschell, A., Calzada, E., Eyberg, S. M., & McNeil, C. B. (2002). Parent-child interaction therapy: New directions in research. Cognitive and Behavioral Practice, 9, 9–16.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Kaminski, J. E., Valle, L. A., Filene, J. H., & Boyle, C. L. (2008). A meta-analytic review of components associated with parent training program effectiveness. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 36, 567–589.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Kavanaugh, K. A., Youngblade, L., Reid, J. B., & Fagot, B. L. (1988). Interactions between children and abusive versus control parents. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 17, 137–142.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Kolko, D. J. (1992). Characteristics of child victims of physical violence. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 7, 244–276.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Lahey, B. B., Conger, R. D., Atkeson, B. M., & Treiber, F. A. (1984). Parenting behavior and emotional status of physically abusive mothers. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 52, 1062–1071.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Lorber, R., Felton, D. K., & Reid, J. B. (1984). A social learning approach to the reduction of coercive processes in child abusive families: A molecular analysis. Advances of Behavior Research and Therapy, 6, 29–45.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Lutzker, J. R., & Bigelow, K. M. (2002). Reducing child maltreatment: A guidebook for parent services. New York, NY: Guilford.Google Scholar
  34. McGuinness, T. M., & Schneider, K. (2007). Poverty, child maltreatment, and foster care. Journal of American Psychiatric Nurses Association, 13(5), 296–303.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. McKay, M. M., Hibbert, R., Hoagwood, K., Rodriguez, J., Murray, L., Legerski, J., et al. (2004). Integrating evidence-based engagement interventions into “real world” child mental health settings. Brief Treatment and Crisis Intervention, 4, 177–186.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. McNeil, C. B., & Herschell, A. D. (1998). Treating multi-problem, high-stress families: Suggested strategies for practitioners. Family Relations: Interdisciplinary Journal of Applied Family Studies, 47, 259–262.Google Scholar
  37. McNeil, C. B., Herschell, A. D., Gurwitch, R. H., & Clemens-Mowrer, L. (2005). Training foster parents in parent-child interaction therapy. Education and Treatment of Children, 28(2), 182–196.Google Scholar
  38. Milner, J. S. (1980). The child abuse potential inventory: manual. Webster, NC: Psytec.Google Scholar
  39. Ondersma, S. J., Chaffin, M. J., Mullins, S. M., & LeBreton, J. M. (2005). A brief form of the child abuse potential inventory: Development and validation. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 34, 301–311.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Patterson, G. R. (1976). The aggressive child: Victim and architect of a coercive system. In E. J. Mash, L. A. Hamerlynck, & L. C. Handy (Eds.), Behavior modification and families (pp. 267–316). New York: Brunner/Mazel.Google Scholar
  41. Patterson, G. R. (2002). The early development of coercive family process. In J. B. Reid, G. R. Patterson, & J. Snyder (Eds.), Antisocial behavior in children and adolescents: A developmental analysis and model for intervention (pp. 25–44). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Prochaska, J. O., DiClemente, C. C., & Norcross, J. (1992). In search of how people change. American Psychologist, 47, 1102–1114.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Reid, J. B., Taplin, P. S., & Lorber, R. (1981). A social interactional approach to the treatment of abusive families. In R. B. Stuart (Ed.), Violent behavior social learning approaches to proneness, management, and treatment. New York: Brunner/Mazel.Google Scholar
  44. Rollnick, S., & Miller, W. R. (1995). What is motivational interviewing? Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy, 23, 325–334.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Saunders, B. E., Berliner, L., & Hanson, R. F. (Eds.). (2004). Child physical and sexual abuse: Guidelines for treatment (Revised Report: April 26, 2004). Charleston, SC: National Crime Victims Research and Treatment Center.Google Scholar
  46. Schechter, S., & Edleson, J. L. (1995). In the best interest of women and children: A call for collaboration between child welfare and domestic violence constituencies. Protecting Children, 11(3), 6–11.Google Scholar
  47. Schoenwald, S., Sheidow, A., & Letourneau, E. (2004). Toward effective quality assurance in evidence-based practice: Links between expert consultation, therapist fidelity, and child outcomes. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 33(1), 94–104.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Silovsky, S., Swisher, L., Kees, M., Valle, L. A., Chaffin, M., McCoy, C., et al. (2005). The self-motivation group manual. Unpublished manuscript, Oklahoma: University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center.Google Scholar
  49. Sobolewski, J. M., & Amato, P. R. (2005). Economic hardship in the family of origin and children’s psychological well-being in adulthood. Journal of Marriage and Family, 67, 141–156.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (1999). Blending perspectives and building common ground: A report to congress on substance abuse and child protection. Washington, DC: U. S. Government Printing Office.Google Scholar
  51. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration on Children, Youth and Families (2007). Child maltreatment 2005. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.Google Scholar
  52. Urquiza, A. J., & McNeil, C. B. (1996). Parent-child interaction therapy: An intensive dyadic intervention for physically abusive families. Child Maltreatment, 1, 134–144.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Whipple, E. E., & Webster-Stratton, C. (1991). The role of parental stress in physically abusive families. Child Abuse & Neglect, 15, 279–291.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cheryl Bodiford McNeil
    • 1
  • Toni L. Hembree-Kigin
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyWest Virginia UniversityMorgantownUSA
  2. 2.Early Childhood Mental Health ServicesMesaUSA

Personalised recommendations