Autism Spectrum Disorders

Part of the Issues in Clinical Child Psychology book series (ICCP)


Although PCIT was devised for families of children with externalizing behaviors, several investigations have examined its usefulness in reducing behavioral problems in more specialized populations. For example, Bagner and Eyberg (2007) conducted a randomized controlled study examining the efficacy of PCIT in reducing disruptive behaviors in children with mental retardation. Study results showed that children in the PCIT group demonstrated significantly higher compliance rates than children yet to receive treatment. In addition, findings demonstrated that mothers who received PCIT reported fewer disruptive behaviors (as rated by the Eyberg Child Behavior Inventory) and exhibited greater use of the PRIDE (e.g., praise, reflection) skills as compared to mothers in the waitlist control group. Implications of this study suggest that PCIT may be an efficacious treatment for children with more pervasive difficulties who also demonstrate co-occurring behavior problems.


Autism Spectrum Disorder Autism Spectrum Disorder Social Skill Training Social Attention Eyberg Child Behavior Inventory 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Achenbach, T. M. (1991). Integrative guide to the 1991 CBCL/4-18, YSR, and TRF profiles. Burlington, VT: University of Vermont, Department of Psychology.Google Scholar
  2. Bagner, D. M., & Eyberg, S. M. (2007). Parent-child interaction therapy for disruptive behavior in children with mental retardation: a randomized controlled trial. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 36, 418–429.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Baumrind, D. (1971). Current patterns of parental authority. Development Psychology Monographs, 4(1, Pt. 2), 1–103.Google Scholar
  4. Carr, E. G., Dunlap, G., Horner, R. H., Koegel, R. L., Turnbull, A. P., Sailor, W., et al. (2002). Positive behavior support: Evolution of an applied science. Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions, 4, 4–16.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Cohen, H., Amerine-Dickens, M., & Smith, T. (2006). Early intensive behavioral treatment: Replication of the UCLA model in a community setting. Journal of Developmental Behavioral Pediatrics, 27, S145–S155.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Dunlap, G., & Fox, L. (1999). A demonstration of behavioral support for young children with autism. Journal of Positive Behavior Support, 1, 77–87.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Dunn, L. M., & Dunn, L. M. (1981). Peabody Picture vocabulary test – revised. Circle Pines, MN: American Guidance Service, Inc.Google Scholar
  8. Durand, V. M., & Carr, E. G. (1992). An analysis of maintenance following functional communication training. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 25, 777–794.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Eisenstadt, T. H., Eyberg, S. M., McNeil, C. B., Newcomb, K., & Funderburk, B. (1993). Parent-child interaction therapy with behavior problem children: Relative effectiveness of two stages and overall treatment outcome. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 22, 42–51.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Eyberg, S. M., & Brestan, E. V. (2006, January). Advisory board review. Paper presented at the 6th annual meeting of the Parent-Child Interaction Therapy Conference, Gainesville, Fl.Google Scholar
  11. Greco, L. A., Sorrell, J. T., & McNeil, C. B. (2001). Understanding manual-based behavior therapy: Some theoretical foundations of parent-child interaction therapy. Child & Family Behavior Therapy, 23, 21–36.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Green, G. (1996). Early behavioral intervention for Autism: What does the research tell us?. In C. Maurice, G. Green, & S. C. Luce (Eds.), Behavioral intervention for young children with autism (pp. 29–44). Austin, TX: PRO-ED.Google Scholar
  13. Greenspan, S. I., & Wieder, S. (1999). A functional developmental approach to autism spectrum disorders. Journal of the Association for Persons with Severe Handicaps, 24, 147–161.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Greenspan, S. I., & Wieder, S. (2006). Engaging autism: Using the floortime approach to help children relate, communicate, and think. Cambridge, MA: DaCapo Press.Google Scholar
  15. Horner, R. H., Carr, E. G., Strain, P. S., Todd, A. W., & Reed, H. K. (2002). Problem behavior interventions for young children with autism: A research synthesis. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 32, 423–446.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Koegel, R. L., Bimbela, A., & Schreibman, L. (1996). Collateral effects of parent on family interaction. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 23, 347–359.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Koegel, R. L., Koegel, L. K., & Brookman, L. I. (2003) Empirically supported pivotal response interventions for children with autism. In A. E. Kazdin & J. R. Weisz (Eds), Evidence-based psychotherapies for children and adolescents (pp. 341–357). New York: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
  18. Koegel, L. K., Koegel, R. L., Harrower, J. K., & Carter, C. M. (1999). Pivotal response intervention I: Overview of approach. Journal of the Association for Persons with Severe Handicaps, 24, 174–185.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Koegel, R. L., O’Dell, M. C., & Koegel, L. K. (1987). A natural language teaching paradigm for nonverbal autistic children. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 17, 187–200.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Lovaas, O. L. (1987). Behavioral treatment and normal educational and intellectual functioning in young autistic children. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 55, 3–9.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Lovaas, O. L., & Smith, T. (2003) Early and intensive behavioral intervention in autism. In A. E. Kazdin & J. R. Weisz, (Eds.), Evidence-based psychotherapies for children and adolescents (pp. 325–340). New York: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
  22. Mandell, D. S., Walrath, C. M., Manteuffel, B., Sgro, G., & Pinto-Martin, J. (2005). Characteristics of children with autistic spectrum disorders served in comprehensive community-based mental health settings. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 35, 313–321.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Masse, J. J., & McNeil, C. B. (in preparation). An empirical examination of parent-child interaction therapy for children with high-functioning autism. Google Scholar
  24. Masse, J.J., McNeil, C.B., Wagner, S.M., & Chorney, D.B. (2008). Parent-child interaction therapy and high-functioning autism: A conceptual overview. Journal of Early and Intensive Behavior Intervention, 4(4), 714–735.Google Scholar
  25. Mesibov, G. B. (1994). A comprehensive program for serving people with autism and their families: The TEACCH model. In J. L. Matson (Ed.), Autism in children and adults: Etiology, assessment, and intervention. Belmont, CA: Brooks/Cole.Google Scholar
  26. Newsom, C., & Kroeger, K. A. (2005) Nonaversive treatment. In J. W. Jacobson, R. M. Foxx, & J. A. Mulick (Eds.), Controversial therapies for developmental disabilities: Fad, fashion, and science in professional practice (pp. 405–422). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.Google Scholar
  27. Ozonoff, S., & Cathcart, K. (1998). Effectiveness of a home program intervention for young children with autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 28, 25–32.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Sallows, G. O., & Graupner, T. D. (2005). Intensive behavioral treatment for children with autism: Four-year outcome and predictors. American Journal on Mental Retardation, 110, 417–438.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Schopler, E. (1994). A statewide program for the treatment and education of autistic and related communication handicapped children (TEACCH). Psychoses and Pervasive Developmental Disorders, 3, 91–103.Google Scholar
  30. Schopler, E., Mesibov, G. B., & Baker, A. (1982). Evaluation of treatment for autistic children and their parents. Journal of the American Academy of Child Psychiatry, 21, 262–267.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Schopler, E., Reichler, R. J., & Renner, B. R. (1986). The childhood autism rating scale (CARS) for diagnostic screening and classification of autism. New York: Irvington.Google Scholar
  32. Sidman, M. (1989). Coercion and its fallout. Boston: Authors Cooperative.Google Scholar
  33. Smith, T., Groen, A., & Wynn, J. W. (2000). Randomized trial of intensive early intervention for children with pervasive developmental disorder. American Journal on Mental Retardation, 102, 228–237.Google Scholar
  34. Solomon, M., Ono, M., Timmer, S., & Goodlin-Jones, B. (2008-Epub). A pilot study of the effectiveness of Parent Child Interaction Therapy (PCIT) for children on the autism spectrum. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 38(9), 1767–1776.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Turnbull, H. (1986). Presidential address 1986: Public policy and professional behavior. Mental Retardation, 24, 265–275.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  36. Wieder, S., & Greenspan, S. I. (2006) Infant and early childhood mental health: The DIR model. In G. M. Foley & J. D. Hochman (Eds.), Mental health in early intervention: Achieving unity in principles and practice (pp. 175–189). Baltimore, MD: Paul H. Brookes.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cheryl Bodiford McNeil
    • 1
  • Toni L. Hembree-Kigin
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyWest Virginia UniversityMorgantownUSA
  2. 2.Early Childhood Mental Health ServicesMesaUSA

Personalised recommendations