The Gibbons pp 73-89 | Cite as

Phylogeography of Kloss’s Gibbon (Hylobates Klossii) Populations and Implications for Conservation Planning in the Mentawai Islands

  • Danielle J. Whittaker
Part of the Developments in Primatology: Progress and Prospects book series (DIPR)


The Kloss’s gibbon (Hylobates klossii) has long been recognized as distinct among the members of the genus Hylobates due to its small size and completely black pelage with no markings. Unlike most other gibbon species, the male and female do not duet; instead, neighboring males chorus before dawn, while the females sing after dawn. The only other gibbon to share these behavioral characteristics is the closely related Javan silvery gibbon (H. moloch) (Takacs et al. 2005; Geissmann and Nijman 2006; Whittaker et al. 2007). The Kloss’s gibbon is endemic to the Mentawai Islands, located off the west coast of Sumatra in Indonesia, and is endangered as a result of continuing deforestation and hunting (Whittaker 2006). Since the 1970s, researchers have advocated increasing protection of this unusual species (McNeely 1978; World Wildlife Fund 1980; Tenaza 1988; Fuentes 1996/1997; Kobold et al. 2003; Paciulli 2004; Whittaker 2005a, 2006), but conservation planning has suffered from...


Biological Species Concept Southern Island Macaque Population Phylogenetic Species Concept Recent Gene Flow 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This research was supported by a Doctoral Dissertation Improvement Grant from the National Science Foundation (BCS-0335949), grants from the Charles A. and Anne Morrow Lindbergh Foundation, Primate Conservation, Inc., and Conservation International, and by the City University of New York Graduate Center, and the New York Consortium in Evolutionary Primatology (NYCEP). I am grateful to the Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI) and the government of the Republic of Indonesia for granting permission to conduct research in Indonesia, as well as my Indonesian sponsors Noviar Andayani and Amsir Bakar. Thanks also to Juan Carlos Morales, Don Melnick, Todd Disotell, John Oates, Rob DeSalle, and Roberto Delgado for guidance, comments, and access to laboratory facilities. Finally, thank you to Susan Lappan for thoughtful comments throughout this research project.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of BiologyIndiana UniversityBloomingtonUSA

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