Assisted Reproductive Technology

  • Sanjay Datta
  • Bhavani Shankar Kodali
  • Scott Segal


Assisted reproductive technology (ART) includes in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET), gamete intrafallopian transfer (GIFT), zygote intrafallopian transfer (ZIFT), tubal embryo transfer (TET), and frozen embryo transfer (FET). These techniques also apply to oocyte donation and gestational carriers. In vitro fertilization technique (IVF) involves obtaining mature oocytes from ovarian follicles (egg retrieval, ER) and incubating them with sperm. The embryos are then transferred into the uterine cavity. Since Steptoe and Edwards, of England, performed the first successful IVF,1 significant strides have been made in our understanding of scientific principles underlying this technique. This has enabled many women to conceive where the conventional methods have failed. In the United States, the use of IVF techniques has resulted in 52,041 neonates in 2005 alone.2 However, IVF technology has generated substantial ethical and moral debates around the world. It has also resulted in certain complications of gestation that were unlikely in the past, such as octuplet pregnancy.


Assist Reproductive Technology Follicular Fluid Inhalational Agent Freeze Embryo Transfer Freeze Embryo Transfer 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sanjay Datta
    • 1
    • 2
  • Bhavani Shankar Kodali
    • 1
    • 2
  • Scott Segal
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Brigham & Women’s HospitalBostonUSA
  2. 2.Harvard Medical SchoolBostonUSA

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