Non-delivery Obstetric Procedures
Cervical incompetence complicates up to 1% of all pregnancies. It is characterized by premature dilation of the internal cervical os and shortening of the cervix from the internal os to the uterine cavity. It is associated with early pregnancy loss and premature birth. Cervical cerclage is a procedure performed at least 23,000 times annually in the United States.
KeywordsSpinal Anesthesia Postpartum Woman Minimum Alveolar Concentration Tubal Ligation Postoperative Pain Relief
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