Prevalence and Associated Conditions

  • Catherine Christo
  • Stephen E. Brock
  • John Davis
Part of the Developmental Psychopathology at School book series (DPS)

It is not possible to discuss the prevalence of dyslexia without first considering the overall reading competence of our nation’s children. The National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) is a federally directed project that evaluates key academic skills of children in 4th, 8th, and 12th grades. Test results yield both scale scores and a percentage of students who are considered to be at a basic, proficient, or advanced level in terms of mastering the content deemed appropriate for their grade level. The 2007 NAEP (Lee, Grigg, & Donahue, 2007) report found that only 33% of fourth-grade students were performing in reading at what would be considered a proficient level for their grade. Proficient readers “should be able to demonstrate an overall understanding of the text, providing inferential as well as literal information” (p. 20). This situation is more troublesome when considering that only 14% of Black fourth graders, 17% of Hispanic fourth graders, and 20% of American...


Reading Comprehension Phonological Awareness Reading Disability Phonological Processing Specific Language Impairment 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Catherine Christo
    • 1
  • Stephen E. Brock
  • John Davis
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Special Education, Rehabilitation & School PsychologyCalifornia State University, SacramentoSacramentoUSA
  2. 2.Califonia State UniversityHaywardUSA

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