Tunneling Spinal Cord Stimulation Systems

  • Timothy R. Deer


The proper placement of a spinal cord stimulation lead is an accomplishment that is critical for a successful outcome. Likewise, the creation of a pocket to hold the internal programmable generator requires skill and planning. However, even if both of these steps are performed successfully, it still may not result in a competent system. The process of tunneling the lead or lead connectors is critical to allow communication of the electrode contacts and the desired neurological tissue. This chapter focuses on the procedure of tunneling for spinal cord stimulation.


Spinal Cord Stimulation Tunneling Process Risk Avoidance Tunneling Path Pleural Injury 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Suggested Reading

  1. Falco F, Rubbani M, Heinbaugh J. Anterograde sacral nerve root stimulation (ASNRS) via the sacral hiatus: benefits, limitations, and percutaneous implantation technique. Neuromodulation. 2003;6(4):219–224.Google Scholar
  2. Falowski S, Celii A, Sharan A. Spinal cord stimulation: an update. Neurotherapeutics. 2008;5:86–99.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Quigley DG, Arnold J, Eldridge PR, et al. Long-term outcome of spinal cord stimulation and hardware complications. Stereotact Funct Neurosurg. 2003;81:50–56.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center for Pain ReliefCharlestonUSA

Personalised recommendations