Motor cortex stimulation (MCS) is a technique that allows physicians to offer treatment to many individuals who would otherwise have no treatment options. The increasing use of this modality is a reflection on the safety, perceived good outcome, and surprisingly long history of human use. This surgical technique has shown good potential in patients suffering from many severe pain conditions including trigeminal neuralgia, poststroke central pain syndromes, phantom limb pain, facial pain, pain from injury to the spinal cord, and postherpetic neuralgia.
Levy R, Ruland S, Weinand M, Lowry D, Dafer R, Bakay R. Cortical stimulation for the rehabilitation of patients with hemiparetic stroke: a multicenter feasibility study of safety and efficacy. J Neurosurg. 2008;108(4):707–714.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rasche D, Rupppoit M, Stippich C, Unterberg A, Tronnier V. Motor cortex stimulation for the long-term relief of chronic neuropathic pain: a 10 year experience. Pain. 2006;121(1–2):43–52.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar