Sacral nerve root stimulation has been recognized as a treatment of pain of the pelvis, rectum, and perineum. It has been described for the treatment of intractable pain of the bladder for interstitial cystitis, and for pain after radiation to the pelvis and rectum, and for post surgical nerve entrapment. The sacral nerve targets are normally at S2, S3, and S4. This chapter focuses on the methods of obtaining lead placement and achieving an optimal outcome in this complicated patient population.
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