Psychology in Self-Presentations

  • C. F. Graumann
Part of the Path in Psychology book series (PATH)


For a social scientist – an affiliation by which, as a social psychologist, I set great store – to write an autobiography is to attempt two inseparable things: on the one hand presenting oneself and on the other hand communicating with others. Even though I emphasize these two aspects as one and the same activity, I am referring to two research fields of language and social psychology. Before I write down what I remember about my development or personal history, I want to make sure which track I am picking up or, less metaphorically, what kind of text I am to produce. You do not just sit down and write about your life or yourself out of the blue. As a rule, you either feel that the course of your life, mainly your career, is interesting enough or even exemplary for others, or else you believe that members of your scientific community are convinced that your vita is essential information beyond your publications.


Gestalt Theory Guest Professor Academic High School Military Basic Training Diploma Examination 


(a) Selected Publications by C. F. Graumann

  1. Graumann, C. F. (1952, 1955). Die Kriterien des Einfallserleben Eine theoretische und experimentelle Analyse. (Criteria of Aha-experience) Dissertation, Cologne University.Google Scholar
  2. Graumann, C. F. (1960). Grundlagen einer Phänomenologie und Psychologie der Perspektivität (Foundations of a phenomenology and psychology of perspectivity). Berlin: de Gruyter.Google Scholar
  3. Graumann, C. F. (1960). Eigenschaften als Problem der Persönlichkeitsforschung. (Traits as problems of personality research) Persönlichkeitsforschung (Personality Research) (P. Lersch and H. Thomae, Eds.), Handbuch der Psychologie (Handbook of Psychology) (Vol. 4, pp. 87–154). Göttingen: Hogrefe.Google Scholar
  4. Graumann, C. F. (1960). Phänomenologische-psychologische Forschungen (Research on Phenomenology and Psychology). (C.F. Graumann with J. Linschoten, A. Métraux, Eds., since 1974), (M. Herzog, & A. Métraux, Eds., since 1994). Since 1996 Perspektiven der Humanwissenschaften. (Perspectives of humanities) Berlin: de Gruyter.Google Scholar
  5. Graumann, C. F. (1972a). Interaktion und Kommunikation (Interaction and communication). In C. F. Graumann (Ed.), Sozialpsychologie. Handbuch der Psychologie (Social psychology. Handbook of psychology) (Vol. 7, pp. 1109–1262). Göttingen: Hogrefe.Google Scholar
  6. Graumann, C. F. (1972b). The state of psychology. International Journal of Psychology 7, 123–34 and 199–204. [In German as: Zur Lage der Psychologie. Kongr. DGPs, 27, 19–37. Göttingen: Hogrefe].CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Graumann, C. F. (1974). Psychology and the world of things. Journal of Phenomenological Psychology, 4, 389–404.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Graumann, C. F. (1975). Die ökologische Fragestellung 50 Jahre nach Hellpachs. Psychologie der Umwelt (The question of ecology 50 years after Hellpach’s psychology of the environment) 29, (Kongr. DGPs), 267–269. Göttingen: Hogrefe.Google Scholar
  9. Graumann, C. F. (1978), (Ed.) Ökologische Perspektiven in der Psychologie. (Ecological perspectives in psychology) Bern: Huber.Google Scholar
  10. Graumann, C. F. (1979). Die Scheu des Psychologen vor der Interaktion – Ein Schisma und seine Geschichte. (Psychologist’s fear of interaction – A split and its historical roots). Zeitschrift für Sozialpsychologie 10, 284–304.Google Scholar
  11. Graumann, C. F. (1983). Theorie und Geschichte (Theory and history). 33. Kongr. DGPs, 64–75. Göttingen: Hogrefe.Google Scholar
  12. Graumann, C. F. (1984). Bewusstsein und Verhalten. Gedanken zu Sprachspielen der Psychologie. (Mental states and behavior. Reflections on language games in psychology). In H. Lenk (Ed.), Handlungstheorien interdisziplinär. (Interdisciplinary approaches to theories of action) III (pp. 547–573). München: Fink.Google Scholar
  13. Graumann, C. F., & Herrmann, T. (Eds.) (1984). Karl Bühlers Axiomatik (The axiomatic of Karl Bühler). Frankfurt/M.: Klostermann.Google Scholar
  14. Graumann, C. F. (Ed.) (1985). Psychologie im Nationalsozialismus (Psychology in Nazi Germany). Berlin: Springer.Google Scholar
  15. Graumann, C. F., & Moscovici, S. (Eds.) (1986). Changing conceptions of crowdmind, and behavior. New York: Springer.Google Scholar
  16. Graumann, C. F., & Moscovici, S. (Eds.) (1986). Changing conceptions of leadership. New York: Springer.Google Scholar
  17. Graumann, C. F., & Moscovici, S. (Eds.) (1987). Changing conceptions of conspiracy. New York: Springer.Google Scholar
  18. Graumann, C. F. (1988). Der Kognitivismus in der Sozialpsychologie (Cognitivism in social ­psychology). Psychologische Rundschau, 39, 83–90.Google Scholar
  19. Graumann, C. F., Herrmann, T. (Eds.) (1989). Speakers: the role of the listener. Clevedon: Multilingual Matters.Google Scholar
  20. Graumann, C. F. (1989). Perspective setting and taking in verbal interaction. In R. Dietrich & C. F. Graumann, (Eds.), Language processing in social context (pp. 95–122). Amsterdam: Elsevier.Google Scholar
  21. Graumann, C. F., & Wintermantel, M. (1989). Discriminatory speech acts. In Bar-Tal, et al., (Eds.), Stereotyping and prejudice (pp. 183–204). New York: Springer.Google Scholar
  22. Graumann, C. F. (1990a). Perspectival structure and dynamics in dialogues. In I. Markovà & K. Foppa, Eds.), The dynamics of dialogue (pp. 105–126). New York: Harvester-Wheatsheaf.Google Scholar
  23. Graumann, C. F. (1992). Speaking and understanding from viewpoints. Studies in perspectivity. In G. Semin & K. Fiedler (Eds.), Language interaction and social cognition (pp. 237–255). London: Sage.Google Scholar
  24. Graumann, C. F. (1993). Mythenbildung in der Psychologiegeschichte. (The creation of myths in the history of psychology). Zeitschrift für politische Psychologie 1, 5–16.Google Scholar
  25. Graumann, C. F., & Kruse, L. (1993). Place identity and the physical structure of the city. In M. Bonnes (Ed.), Perception and evaluation of urban environment quality (pp. 155–163). Rome: UNESCO MAB 11.Google Scholar
  26. Graumann, C. F. (1994). A phenomenological approach to social research: the perspective of the other. In I. Borg & P. Mohler (Eds.), Trends and perspectives in empirical social research (pp. 282–293). Berlin: de Gruyter.Google Scholar
  27. Graumann, C. F. (1995). Discriminatory discourse. Patterns of Prejudice, 29, 69–83.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Graumann, C. F., & Kruse, L. (1995). Der Lebensraum. Die Mehrdeutigkeit seiner wissenschaftlichen Konstruktion (Life space: The ambiguity of its scientific construction.). In A. Kruse & R. Schmitz-Scherzer (Eds.), Psychologie der Lebensalter (Psychology of the life cycle) (pp. 45–52). Darmstadt: Steinkopf.Google Scholar
  29. Graumann, C. F. (1996). Mutual perspective-taking: a presupposition of enlightened tolerance. Higher Education in Europe 21, 39–49.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Graumann, C. F., & Gergen, K. (Eds.) (1996). Historical dimensions of psychological discourse. New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  31. Graumann, C. F. (1997). Psychology in postwar Germany: the vicissitudes of internationalization. World Psychology 3, 253–77.Google Scholar
  32. Graumann, C. F. (1997). Zur Ökologie des Gedächtnisses (On the ecology of memory.). In G. Lüer & U. Lass (Ed.), Erinnern und Behalten - Wege zur Erforschung des menschlichen Gedächtnisses (Remembering and retaining: Trends in research on human memory) Abhandlungen der Akademie der Wissenschaften in Göttingen) (pp. 269–286). Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.Google Scholar
  33. Graumann, C. F., & Kruse, L. (1998). Children’s environments: The phenomenological approach. In D. Görlitz, H.J. Harloff, G. Mey, & J. Valsiner (Eds.), Children, cities, and psychological theories: Developing relationships (pp. 341–353). Berlin: de Gruyter.Google Scholar
  34. Graumann, C. F. (1999). Continuities, ruptures, and options: construing the history of psychology in Germany. In W. Maiers, B. Baier, B. Duarte-Esgalhado, R. Jorna, & E. Schraube (Eds.), Challenges of theoretical psychology (pp. 1–18). Toronto: Captus University Publications.Google Scholar
  35. Graumann, C. F. (2000). Kontext als Problem der Psychologie (Context as a problem of psycho­logy) Zeitschrift für Psychologie, 208, 55–71.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Graumann, C. F. (2002a). In C. F. Graumann & W. Kallmeyer, Eds., Perspective and perspectivation in discourse. Amsterdam: Benjamins.Google Scholar
  37. Graumann, C. F. (2002b). The phenomenological approach to people-environment studies. In R. B. Bechtel and A. Churchman (Eds.), Handbook of environmental psychology (pp. 95–113). New York Wiley.Google Scholar
  38. Graumann, C. F. (2002c). Zwischen den Disziplinen. Dilemma und Chancen der Umweltpsychologie. (Between disciplines: The dilemma and chances of environmental psychology). Unweltpsychologie, 6 (1),154–161.Google Scholar
  39. Graumann, C. F., & Kruse, L. (2003). Räumliche Umwelt. Die ökologische Perspektive in der Psychologie (The spatial environment. The ecological perspective in psychology). In P. Meusburger & T. Schwan (Eds.), Humanökologie. Ansätze zur Überwindung der Natur-Kultur-Dichotomie (Approaches of human ecology to bridge the nature-culture dichotomy) (pp. 239–256). Stuttgart: Steiner.Google Scholar
  40. Graumann, C. F., & Kruse, L. (2004). Natur als menschliche (Nature as human nature). In G. Jüttemann (Ed.), Psychologie als Humanwissenschaft. (Psychology as a human science) Ein Handbuch (pp. 11–31). Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.Google Scholar
  41. Graumann, C. F., & Guski-Leinwand, S. (2004). Die Psychologie, ihre Gesellschaft und ihre Öffentlichkeiten (Psychology: its society and its public). Psychologische Rundschau, 55 (Suppl. 1), 62–71.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Graumann, C. F. (2004). In H. Lueck (Ed.), Psychologie in Selbstdarstellungen (Psychology in self presentations) (Bd 4, pp. 102–1123). Lengerich: Pabst.Google Scholar
  43. Graumann, C. F. (2005). “100 Jahre” Geschichte der Umweltpsychologie (100 Years: The history of environmental psychology.) In T. Rammsayer & S. Troche, (Eds.), Reflexionen der Psychologie. 100 Jahre Deutsche Gesellschaft fuer Psychologie (Refelctions on psychology. 100 years of the German Society for Psychology) Bericht über den 44. Kongress der Derutschen Gesellschaft für Psychologie (A report on the 44th Congress of the German Society for Psychology) (pp. 111–118). Goettingen: Hogrefe.Google Scholar
  44. Graumann, C. F. (2007). Lewin zu Beginn des 21. Jahrhunderts. (Lewin at the start of the 21st century) In W. Schoenpflug (Ed.), Kurt Lewin - Person, Werk, Umfeld. Historische Rekonstruktionen und aktuelle Wertungen aus Anlass des hundersten Geburtstags (Kurt Lewin – personality, works, and context. Historical reconstructions and contemporary assessments on the occasion of his 100th birthday) (2nd revised and extended edition, pp. 283–297). Frankfurt/Main: Lang.Google Scholar
  45. Graumann, C.F. & Kruse, L. (2008). Umweltpsychologie: Ort, Gegenstand, Herkünfte, Trends. (Environmental psychology: present status, origins, and trends). In E.D. Lantermann & V. Linneweber (Eds.), Enzyklopädie der Psychologie. Umweltpsychologie (Vol. 1): Grundlagen, Paradigmen und Methoden der Unweltpsychologie. (Encyclopedia of psychology. Environmental psychology. Foundations, paradigms and methods of environmental psychology) (pp. 3–65). Göttingen: Hogrefe.Google Scholar
  46. Graumann, C. F. & Kruse, L., Umwelten: Psychologie der Mensch-Umwelt-Wechselwirkung. (Environments: Psychology of the interaction of humans and environment). Weinheim: Beltz (in press).Google Scholar
  47. Kruse, L., Graumann, C. F., & Lantermann, E. D. (Eds.) (1990b). Ökologische Psychologie. Ein Handbuch in Schlüsselbegriffen. (Ecological psychology: A handbook of key terms.) München: Psychologie Verlags Union.Google Scholar

(b) Other Cited Works

  1. Danziger, K. (1997). Naming the mind: how psychology found its language. London: Sage.Google Scholar
  2. Gergen, K.J., & Gergen, M.M. (1988). Narrative and the self as relationship. In L. Berkowitz (Ed.), Advances in experimental social psychology, Vol 21, (pp. 17–56). San Diego: Academic Press.Google Scholar
  3. Goffman, E. (1959). The presentation of self in everyday life. New York: Doubleday.Google Scholar
  4. Haeckel, E. (1866). Generelle Morphologie der Organismen (2 Vols). (General morphology of organisms) Berlin: Reimer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Linde, H. (1972). Sachdominanz in Sozialstrukturen. (The dominance of things in social structures) Tuebingen: Mohr/Siebeck.Google Scholar
  6. Moscovici, S. (1976). Social influence and social change. London: Academic Press.Google Scholar
  7. Schneider, G. (1992). Identitat von und Identifikation mit städtischer Umwelt. (Identity of and identification with urban environments). In K. Pawlik and K. Stapf (Eds.), Umwelt und Verhalten (Environment and behavior). (pp. 169–202). Bern: Huber.Google Scholar
  8. Thomae, H. (1954). Beobachtung und Beurteilung von Kindern und Jugendlichen (The observation and evaluation of children and adolescents) (11th ed., 1973). Basel: Karger.Google Scholar
  9. Weimer, D., & Galliker, M. (Eds.). (2003). Sprachliche Kommunikation. Festschrift zum 80.Geburtstag von C. F. Graumann. (Verbal communication. Festschrift for Carl Graumann’s 80th birthday) Heidelberg: Asanger.Google Scholar
  10. Weingart, P. (2005). Die Wissenschaft der Öffentlichkeit. Essays zum Verhältnis von Wissenschaft, Medien und Öffentlichkeit. (The science of the general public. Essays on the relationsship between science, the media, and the public) Weilerswist: Welbrueck Wissenschaft.Google Scholar
  11. Woodworth, R. S. (1940). Psychology (4th ed.). New York: Henry Holt and Company.Google Scholar
  12. Carl Graumann was born on March 31st, 1923 in Cologne and died on August 8th, 2007 in Lobbach (Heidelberg).Google Scholar
  13. The editor acknowledges the Pabst Verlag (Lengerich, Germany) for permission to use the German text of Carl Graumann’s autobiography (2004) as a basis for the expanded and translated version published here.Google Scholar
  14. The editor is grateful to Dr. Lenelis Kruse for completing her husband’s text, making available a reference list of his publications, and reading of the English translation.Google Scholar
  15. Carl Graumann’s final manuscript was translated from the German by Professor Raleigh Whitinger, Department of Modern Languages and Cultural Studies, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB Canada.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. F. Graumann
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.University of HeidelbergGermany
  2. 2.Lenelis Kruse-Graumann, Institute of Psychology, University of HeidelbergHeidelbergGermany

Personalised recommendations